Everything about the Guinea Pig Breeds | Care, Lifespan and Much More!

Guinea Pig Breeds

Short-Haired Guinea Pigs

American Guinea Pig

When we think about guinea pigs, we are probably think about the American guinea pig. They are the classic guinea pig which we all know and love. They have an alert and inquisitive look, with a round nose and small, cute ears. Their smooth coat is usually a solid color, and they can come in a range of colors. They love to socialize and be around people and are at their happiest when they are free to run around in a lot of space.

Temperament: Active & friendly

Lifespan: 8-10 years

Size and weight: 8-9 inches: ~2 pounds

Cost of owning: ~$400 annually

Himalayan Guinea Pig

One of the most distinctive breeds of guinea pig. They are known as the Siamese cats of the guinea pig world due to their color. They have white coats with brown or black on the points (ears, feet, and nose). The highlights can fade if they are exposed to stress and strain, so they may need a little more attention than other guinea pig breeds. They require a little more maintenance, but they are worth it.

Temperament: Calm & Timid

Lifespan: 8-10 years

Size and weight: 8-12 inches: ~2 pounds

Cost of owning: ~$500 annually

Ridgeback Guinea Pig

The Ridgeback is a very cute-looking guinea pig with a short, smooth coat, and a ridge of hair which runs down the length of their body from neck to rear (hence the name). They have stubby little legs, with tufts of hair which only serve to make these furry little animals all the cuter. When they are born, the ridge on the back and the tufts on their legs are not always apparent and will develop over time. They often grow rosettes on their coats, making them look even more beautiful. An easy guinea pig to look after for people of all ages.

Temperament: Fun & Active

Lifespan: 4-7 years

Size and weight: 5-12 inches: ~1-2 pounds

Cost of owning: ~$500 annually

Rough Coat Guinea Pigs

Teddy Guinea Pig

Teddy guinea pigs look just like soft toys, and that is one of the main reasons why they are so popular with young children. They are also sociable creatures who like to be held once they get to know you. Kids love them, and they seem to love kids, so it is a match made in guinea pig heaven. They are very inquisitive and fun-loving animals and are best suited to a place where they can run around and get lots of exercise. They are a great pet for everyone, though do need a little bit more maintenance with grooming.

Temperament: Sociable & friendly

Lifespan: 4-6 years

Size and weight: 8-12 inches: 1-3 pounds

Cost of owning: ~$400 annually

Rex Guinea Pig

Rex guinea pigs have rough hair. While this sounds bad, the hair is not rough like a steel brush. It is a bit thicker than the short-haired guinea pigs but still has a softness. There are no guard hairs on the Rex, giving it a woolly look and feel. If you want a tiny sheep in your home, then this is the way to go. They have large, droopy ears and a large head, making them look like a ball of fur. They have a sweet temperament, making them great around children.

Temperament: Sweet & Sociable

Lifespan: 5-6 years

Size and weight: 8-17 inches: 1-3 pounds

Cost of owning: ~$600 annually

Abyssinian Guinea Pig

Abyssinian guinea pigs are known for their beautiful coats. They have a rough coat, but this mainly means that it is thicker than other guinea pigs, which often requires more attention. They are easily spotted by their rosettes, of which they usually have six or eight in a symmetrical pattern. They are beautiful animals which can be easily trained, making them popular with adults and kids. They are an affectionate breed who like to sit on laps and be petted. They require more attention than the average guinea pig due to the coat.

Temperament: Beautiful & Friendly

Lifespan: 4-8 years

Size and weight: 8-12 inches: 1-3 pounds

Cost of owning: ~$350 annually

Sheba Guinea Pig

Shebas have a look like no other. They are fully known as the Sheba Mini Yak, and they definitely have that look about them. We already talked about the guinea pig which looked like a little sheep, well, this one looks like a mini yak. They have a dense and springy coat, with a square head, and mutton-chop whiskers (giving them a look of yesteryear). They do require more grooming time due to their long coat so they may not be the best option for very young children. They do have a wonderful nature, so, if your child has the time, they will make great pets and companions.

Temperament: Inquisitive & Intelligent

Lifespan: 4-7 years

Size and weight: 7-12 inches: 1-2 pounds

Cost of owning: ~$500 annually

Long-Haired Guinea Pigs

Silkie Guinea Pig (Sheltie)

The Silkie guinea pig has a beautiful coat. The coat is long, shiny, and smooth, and all flows in one direction. From the head, the hair sweeps back and along the body. As the hair sweeps back, it gets thicker towards the rear, giving the guinea pig a teardrop shape when looked at from above. While they require more grooming attention, they are one of the most gentle breeds, so if you have the time, they make wonderful pets for all ages. They can take a little longer to warm to you than other breeds, but once they form a bond, they form it for life.

Temperament: Loving & Sweet

Lifespan: 4-6 years

Size and weight: 7-10: ~1-3 pounds

Cost of owning: ~$600 annually

Texel Guinea Pig

Texels are another breed known for their long and luxurious coat. Their hair is soft and thick and falls down their sides in beautiful ringlets. They are often compared to a Silkie but have curly hair where the Silkie has straight hair. Due to their hair, they require a lot more grooming than average, so they may not be the best breed for young children or those who do not have a lot of time. They have a stocky build and love to be out and running around. Due to the possibility of the hair becoming contaminated, they also need a larger cage.

Temperament: Beautiful & Active

Lifespan: 5-7 years

Size and weight: 7-12 inches: ~1-3 pounds

Cost of owning: ~$550 annually

Cornet Guinea Pig

Cornets have a wonderful flowing coat which flows back over the entire body. They have one rosette in the middle of the head, and the hair flows out from that. They come in a variety of colors, and the rosette may be of any color too, usually with some white in there. They do require more grooming time, and you may find that you are grooming them once a day. They are a playful and affectionate breed, so do suit children as long as there is adult supervision.

Temperament: Playful & Affectionate

Lifespan: 6-8 years

Size and weight: 7-12: ~1-3 pounds

Cost of owning: ~$600 annually

Peruvian Guinea Pig

Peruvians are another beautifully long-haired guinea pig breed. The topcoat of the Peruvian is actually able to grow up to 24 inches in length, so they will need a lot of grooming and trimming. The hair is mostly straight and a little tufty, giving it a cute, rugged look with a fringe around the face. They have two rosettes, one on the front and one on the back. They require more time and attention, as most long-haired breeds do, but they are a warm and loving breed which everyone will love.

Temperament: Fun & Friendly

Lifespan: 4-8 years

Size and weight: 8-12 inches: ~1-3 pounds

Cost of owning: ~$400 annually

Alpaca Guinea Pig

Alpaca guinea pigs are so named because they bear a passing resemblance to alpacas, although they are a lot smaller than their namesakes. They have long, coarse hair, which is usually a mix of two colors; the ends being a different color to the main part of the coat. They require daily grooming, and, during shedding season, you can find yourself grooming them twice a day. They are an active breed who love to be out of their cage and running around.

Temperament: Curious & Friendly

Lifespan: 5-8 years

Size and weight: 6-11 inches: ~1-2.5 pounds

Cost of owning: ~$600 annually

Merino Guinea Pig

When you think Merino, you think about wool, and these guinea pigs do resemble little, fuzzy sheep. They have long hair which is curly and cute. They have short heads, and a relatively small body, giving them a compact look. They are a loving breed, which makes them perfect for children of all ages and have grown in popularity over the last few years.

Temperament: Loving & Sweet

Lifespan: 5-7 years

Size and weight: 4-11 inches: ~1-2 pounds

Cost of owning: ~$400 annually

Lunkarya Guinea Pig

The Lunkarya, or Lunk, is a breed which was developed in Sweden. Like the Nordic Vikings of old, they have long hair and beards, though they are not as red in color. They have long coats which can be straight or curly and are very dense. It is hard to brush the coat out, and it will never lie flat. For this reason, the breed should not be cared for solely by a young child. They need a lot of care and attention.

Temperament: Active & friendly

Lifespan: 5-8 years

Size and weight: 4-12 inches: ~1-3 pounds

Cost of owning: ~$500 annually

Hairless Guinea Pigs

Skinny Pig

Hairless guinea pigs are unique. While the skinny pig is a hairless breed, you may, at times, find some tufts on their legs. The skin of a Skinny Pug is soft and smooth, and often wrinkled. Even though they do not have hair, they can still come in a variety of colors. They can be high-maintenance due to them being susceptible to skin problems, but they do make great pets for those who have allergies to animal hair. They work best indoors but can be taken outside with the proper supervision.

Temperament: Fun & Friendly

Lifespan: 5-8 years

Size and weight: 8-11 inches: ~1-3 pounds

Cost of owning: ~$650 annually

Baldwin Guinea Pig

Baldwin guinea pigs are bald with rubbery skin. The amazing thing about Baldwins is that they are born with all of their hair but the hair begins to fall out after a few days, and they become completely bald in a matter of months. They do not do well in the cold, due to the lack of hair, so they are best kept inside. They are active, though, so give them lots of space to run around in. They are another great guinea pig breed for those with allergies and can be cared for by people of all ages.

Temperament: Active & friendly

Lifespan: 4-6 years

Size and weight: 8-11 inches: ~1-2.5 pounds

Cost of owning: ~$500 annually

Insert Content Template or Symbol

Leave a Comment: